The Australian Senate last night rejected the government’s proposed changes to water down the Racial Discrimination Act. The defeat came as the Labor, the Greens, the Nick Xenophon team, Jacqui Lambie and others all voted in defense of the current legislation protecting Australians against racial discrimination. The move to seek such changes itself damaged Australia and gave a greet light to bigotry.
Protecting Australians and our values
The campaign to change S18C was pushed by the Institute of Public Affairs (who in the past have pushed an agenda denying global warming and opposing plain packaging of cigarettes) and was based on misrepresentation and misinformation. It was also pushed by Andrew Bolt, a person with an extreme amount of power in society through his media roles, who was found by a court to have misused his role in attacking others on the basis of their race. This was a case of people representing powerful interests wanting to remove any semblance of a check on their ability to abuse others.
As Attorney General George Brandis said in an earlier debate about weakening this (already fairly weak) law, “people have a right to be bigots”. People can think what they like. In private they can say what they like. What S18C does, and has done well for over 20 years, is to regulate what is said and published in public so that speech that attacks minorities on the basis of their race or ethnicity, and has a profound or serious impact on them, is unlawful (but not criminal). This means the victim can ask for a meeting, hosted by the Australian Human Rights Commission, who will try get the parties to agree a solution that will put the matter to bed. That usually involves the person who made the offending remarks learning why what they did would have such a huge impact on the people they mentioned, and as a result of that they usually give an apology and if it is online they remove the content. And there the matter ends.
It is only a tiny number of cases, like that of Andrew Bolt, where the people who made the racist statements didn’t get that what they did was wrong, and the victim had the time and resources to proceed to court. If you proceed to court, even if you win you will end up out of pocket, it isn’t something people do lightly and it isn’t something that happens very often. There have been no cases decided by the courts which anyone feels were wrongly decided. Under the existing law, which will now continue as is, the courts have consistently rejected cases where the racist statements were merely offensive or insulting. The law requires a much higher standard. The much talked about QUT case LOST at court under the EXISTING law. Claims by some that the bar in S18C needs to be raised were based on messages pushed by those wanting the bar raised so high that minorities in Australia would have no protection at all.
Protecting freedom of speech
The messages about a need to protect “free speech” used fear and bigotry as people tried get their own way. Those promoting these messages spread the myth that the changes were needed so people would speak about Islam without fear. This is clearly tapping into a level of fear in society as a result of terrorism over recent years. but also a level of bigotry which promotes the idea that it is Muslims in general and not the extremists (Muslim or otherwise) who are responsible for the terrorist attacks.
We’ve seen how people latch on to the promotion of anti-Muslim fear and bigotry at any excuse. The Burke Street attack in Melbourne, for example, had nothing to do with Islam nor was the attacker Muslim, yet that didn’t stop some (and not only on the far right) from misrepresenting the facts and using it to stoke further hate and fear. It’s appalling that similar tactics have been used to promote the watering down of one of the few laws which actually protects freedom of speech.
The Racial Discrimination Act has never prevented people attacking others on the basis of their religion as it is explicitly and exclusively about racism – not religious vilification. As much as we may wish it were otherwise, specially in the current climate, Islam and Muslims are simply not covered by this law. Further, S18D (which goes with S18C) explicitly and completely protects any necessary violate S18C which is done for the purpose of journalism, research, the arts, or indeed in the making of any statement in the public interest. The only requirement is that you must be acting reasonably and in good faith, in other words, you must genuinely be seeking to engage in journalism, research etc and not just trying to use your position to deliberately attack people because you think you can get away with it.
The Racism Discrimination Act ensures all Australians are able to feel a part of our society. It ensure people from minority communities can engage in political discussion without fear their ethnicity will be used to silence them. It ensure a huge number of Australians can go about their lives, be it work, study or their free time, without feeling hatred is being incited against them or that they, as Australians, are unwelcome here in Australia. The Racial Discrimination Act ensure a large number of Australians can freely form political views, express them, and hear the views of others. Protecting this is essential to protecting freedom of speech in Australia, in fact, it is the basis on which our free speech (or more accurately, our constitutionally implied freedom of political communication) is based. From a freedom of speech point of view, attacking S18C never made any sense in the first place.
Where to next?
A huge amount of effort by hardworking politicians and parliamentary staff went into running an inquiry into Freedom of Speech and S18C. The resulting report from the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights is available and has a number of recommendations, the first of which centers around public education given the level of misinformation about the existing law and the level of misunderstanding that is generating. This needs to be a priority.
While the changes were defeated in the Senate, they remain party policy for the coalition. That creates a clear political divide in Australia on the basis of race politics. This is incredibly unhealthy for our multicultural society. The choice will eventually revert to the Australian people at the next election. The result, as seen in the Western Australian election, may end up being decisive. Particularly given we already know 80% to 90% of people disagree with the policy of changing S18C and this is likely to grow as the issues of misinformation and misrepresentation are tackled.
Following the defeat of this legislation in the Senate it is not simply back to life as usual. Our way of life has been threatened by those with extreme views. Our values as a society have been attacked. The people are angry, organised, and distrustful of those who seem so out of touch with the reality of modern Australia. The Liberal and National Parties need to review their position on S18C and consider the poisonous and existential threat this ongoing saga poses not only to them but to our society as a whole. They have continually underestimated, or been mislead, on the depth of feeling on this issue in the community. It is time they opened their eyes, assessed the damage, and held those responsible for that damage accountable. It either happens now, or in the postmortem after them next federal election. This is not something that will be easily forgotten.
A quite part of the agenda against S18C has been the under-funding, or lack of government funding, for those agencies and charities tackling racism in Australia. This has helped the misinformation spread. It has also led to groups representing far more people and segments of the community coming together to pick up the slack. It’s time to reverse the funding trend. We know a huge amount of the racism and promotion of extremism occurs online. Australia has only one charity dedicated to this space, the Online Hate Prevention Institute, as the Federal budget is prepared, it’s time the Federal Government starts to provide funding for this work rather than empty praise and excuses.
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